House Bill 2504

Spring 2011 Course Syllabus

BIOL-1407-02 (General Biology II)

Faculty Information
SemesterSpring 2011
InstructorLonglet, Nancy Joann
Phone(409) 984-6324
Business, Math, and Science
Chair:Glenda Dupuis
Telephone:(409) 984-6316
Hours:MWF 8-9, MW 10-12, Th 12:15-1:15, F 10-11
Building:Educational Annex (PAEA)
Room #:108
Course Information
Course ID #10106
Course Subject-Number-SectionBIOL-1407-02
Course TitleGeneral Biology II
Course Description Structure and function, development, reproduction and ecology.

Course Prerequisites Prerequisite: BIOL 1406, basic skills competency in reading and writing
Required Textbooks Biology, 10th ed., by Sylvia S. Mader, McGraw Hill Higher Ed. ISBN: 0077226178
Learning Objectives 1.         Understand the system of classification of all living things.

2.         Understand the differences between organisms of the 3 domains.

3. Understand the various classifications of viruses.

4. Understand the Lytic and Lysogenic cycles of viruses.

5. Understand the various classifications of bacteria.

6. Understand the various classifications of Archaea.

7. Understand the general characteristics of all members of Domain eukarya

8. Know the 4 kingdoms of the domain eukarya.

9. Understand the characteristics of the Kingdom Protista.

10. Know the various methods of classifying Protista.

11. Know the classification of the various types of protist.

12. Know the economic importance and uses of members of kingdom protista.

13. Know the locations where the various types of protist can be found.

14. Know the various diseases that are caused by protist.

15. Know the characteristics of the Kingdom Fungi

16. Know the various methods of classifying Fungi

17. Know the economic importance and uses of members of kingdom fungi.

18. Know the locations where the various types of fungi can be found.

19. Know the various diseases that are caused by fungi.

20. Understand the characteristics of the Kingdom Plantae.

21. Know the various methods of classifying plants.

22. Understand the alterations of generations in plants.

23. Know the characteristics and examples of non-vascular plants.

24. Know some of the economical importance of non-vascular plants.

24. Know the characteristics and examples of vascular seedless plants.

25. Understand the differences between xylem and phloem.

26.        Understand the 2 main categories of seeded plants.

27.        Understand the characteristics of the 4 groups of gymnosperms.

28.        Know the economic importance of gymnosperms.

29.        Understand the processes of pollination and fertilization in gymnosperms and the differences between the two.

30.        Characterize the differences between male and female cones.

31.        Understand the characteristics of the 2 main groups of angiosperms

32.        Understand the function(s) of the various parts of a flower.

33.        Understand why angiosperms are so prevalent on earth.

34.        Understand the difference between a fruit and a vegetable.

35.        Understand the functions of roots.

36.        Understand the various types of root systems.

37.        Understand the functions of stems.

38.        Understand the parts of a stem and the various types of stems.

39.        Differentiate between monocot and eudicot plants in terms of seeds, root vasculature, stem vasculature, leaf venation pattern, & flower arrangement

40.        Understand the 3 main types of plant tissues and their arrangement and function(s).

41.        Understand what is meant by a mycorrhiza and how they are beneficial.

42.        Understand what is meant by a root nodule and how they are beneficial.

43.        Differentiate between a herbaceous stem and a woody stem and what types of plants contain each.

44.        Know the various parts of a woody stem.

45.        Understand the difference between primary and secondary stem growth.

46.        Differentiate between a Stolon and a Rhizome.

47.        Understand the difference between an essential nutrient and a beneficial nutrient. List examples of each.

48.        Understand the mechanical, chemical, and biological forces which result in the formation of soil.

49.        Understand what is meant by “humus” and how it is beneficial to the soil.

50.        Understand characteristics of the 3 main types of soil.

51.        Understand the process of Transpiration.

52.        Understand the process of guttation.

53.        Differentiate between a sporophyte and a gametophyte.

54.        Differentiate between a microspore and a megaspore

55.        Understand the arrangement of a stamen and the function of each part.

56.        Understand the arrangement of a Carpel and the function of each part.

57.        Understand the processes of pollination and fertilization in angiosperms.

58.        Understand the parts of a seed and the function(s) of each part.

59.        Differentiate between Simple, Compound, and Accessory fruits and give examples of each.

60.        Differentiate between Aggregate fruits and multiple fruits; give examples of each.

61.        Know the characteristics of the kingdom Animalia.

62.        Explain the 5 levels of classification that are used in classifying animals.

63.        Understand the advantages of a coelom and its importance in development.

64.        Differentiate between Acoelomates, Pseudocoelomates, and Coelomates; give examples of each.

65.        Differentiate between Protostomes and Deuterostomes in terms of 8cell development, blastopore and coelom development.

66.        List the types of animals that Protostomes.

67.        List the types of animals that are Deuterostomes.

68.        What are the characteristics of members of Phylum Mollusca.

69.        Explain the 3 part body plan of mollusk.

70.        What are the 3 main categories of Molluscs.

71.        What are the characteristics of a Bivalve. Give examples.

72.        What are the characteristics of Gastropods. Give examples.

73.        What are the characteristics of Cephalopods. Give examples.

74.        What are the characteristics of members of Phylum annelida.

75.        What are the characteristics of Polychaete worms.

76.        What are the characteristics of Earthworms.

77.        Explain the blood flow in an earthworm.

78.        Explain the characteristics of leeches.

79.        What are some of the medicinal uses of leeches.

80.        What are the 5 main characteristics of Phylum Arthropoda.

81.        What are the 3 main categories of Arthropods.

82.        What are the characteristics of Crustaceans. Give examples.

83.        What are the characteristics of Uniraminans. Give examples.

84.        What are the 2 main groups of Uniraminans.

85.        What are the main characteristics of insects.

86.        What are the characteristics of Chelicerates. Give examples

87.        What are the main characteristics of an Echinoderm. Give examples.

88.        What are the 4 basic characteristics common to all chordates.

89.        Give an example of an invertebrate chordate.

90.        What are the 6 general characteristics of vertebrate chordates.

91.        What are the 5 types of vertebrate chordates.

92.        What are 4 characteristics common to all fish

93.        Differentiate between exothermic and endothermic.

94.        What is an example of a jawless fish.

95.        Differentiate between cartilaginous fish and boney fish.

96.        Describe the 3 well developed senses that sharks use to locate food.

97.        What are the 3 main types/categories of boney fish.

98.        What are the general characteristics of an amphibian.

99.        What are the 3 main groups of amphibians.

100.        Differentiate between a frog and a toad.

101.        What are the general characteristics of reptiles.

102.        What are the 4 main categories of reptiles. Describe each.

103.        Differentiate between a turtle and a tortoise.

104.        What are the main general characteristics of birds.

105.        Describe the 6 main classifications of birds based on beak and foot type.

106.        What are the main general characteristics of mammals.

107.        What are the 3 main classifications of animals based on reproductive means. Describe each.

108.        What are the 4 types of adult tissue. Give the characteristics of each.

109.        What are the uses for epithelial tissue.

110.        What are the 3 types of epithelial tissue based on cell shape.

111.        Differentiate between simple, stratified, and pseudostratified epithelial tissue.

112.        What are the general characteristics of connective tissue.

113.        What are the functions of connective tissue.

114.        What are the 4 main groups of connective tissue.

115.        What are the characteristics of fibrous connective tissue, and where would you find it.

116.        What are the characteristics of adipose connective tissue, and where would you find it.

117.        What are the characteristics of cartilaginous and osseous tissue, and where would you find it.

118.         Explain why blood is considered a connective tissue.

119.        What are some of the functions of blood.

120.        Characterize the make up of blood.

121.        What are the 3 main types of muscle tissue; where would you find each.

122.        Differentiate between the characteristics of the main types of muscle tissue.

123.        What are the 2 main categories of nerve tissue.

124.        Differentiate between a neuron and neuroglial cells in terms of function.

125.        Explain the concept of Homeostasis.

126.        Explain the function of a negative feedback system, and how it functions in maintaining homeostasis.

127.        Explain the function of a positive feedback system.

128.        Differentiate between an open loop and a closed loop circulatory system.

129.        List the components of the cardiovascular and circulatory systems.

130.        List the function of the various categories of blood vessels.

131.        Explain the function of the 3 main vascular circuits.

132.        Describe the anatomy of the heart.

133.        Trace the pathway of blood through the heart including all valves, vessels, & structure involved.

134.        Differentiate between the characteristics of the atria vs the ventricles.

135.        Differentiate between the characteristics of the right and left vantricles.

136.        Explain how the heart valves function to maintain on-way blood flow through the heart.

137.        Differentiate between cardiac systole and diastole.

138.        What causes the heart sounds.

139.        Explain what causes blood pressure and where you would find the highest and lowest blood pressures in the body.

140.        Describe the processes in the body which aid blood flow returning to the heart from the body.

141.        Describe the characteristics of plasma.

142.        What are the 3 types of formed elements.

143.        Describe the characteristics of an erythrocytes.

144.        What are the 2 main categories of leukocytes.

145.        What are the characteristics of granulocytes.

146.        List the 3 types of granulocytes and the characteristics of each.

147.        List the 2 main types of agranulocytes and the characteristics of each.

148.        Give the characteristics and functions of platelets.

149.        Explain the process of capillary exchange and the forces involved.

150.        Explain the functions of the lymphatic system & its parts.

151.        List the main lymphatic organs and the functions of each.

152.        Characterize the Non-specific Resistance to Disease response.

153.        List the 4 structures/mechanisms that provide a non-specific resistance to disease.

154.        Characterize the Specific Resistance to Disease response.

155.        Differentiate between an antigen and an antibody and where you would find each.

156.        List the 5 main classes of antibodies.

157.        Differentiate between an active and a passive immunity.

158.        Describe the functions of the Gastrointestinal system.

159.        List the main parts of the digestive tract.

160.        List the digestive processes occurring in the mouth and the structures involved.

161.        Describe the function of the pharynx, glottis and epiglottis.

162.        Describe the process of swallowing.

163.        Describe the digestive processes occurring in the stomach including the chemicals involved.

164.        Describe the structure of the stomach.

165.        List the 3 main parts of the small intestine and the digestive processes occurring in each.

166.        Explain some of the main functions of the liver.

167.        Explain the digestive functions of the pancreas.

168.        List the 5 main parts of the large intestine and the digestive processes occurring in each.

169.        Describe how the small intestine is specially designed to increase absorption of nutrients.

170.        List the main vitamins and minerals in the diet.

171.        Differentiate between external respiration, internal respiration, and ventilation.

172.        List the structures of the respiratory pathway.

173.        Explain the process of ventilation including the pressures and anatomy involved.

174.        Explain the formation of a pneumothorax

175.        Explain the movements of oxygen and carbon dioxide including how they are transported.

176.        Explain carbon monoxide poisoning.

177.        List some upper and lower respiratory tract illnesses.

178.        Identify the main parts of the kidney.

179.        Identify the parts of the nephron and give the function of each.

180.         Explain the process of making urine in the nephron.

181.        What is meant by Glomerular Filtration; what types of things get filtered and which do not.

182.        Differentiate between tubular reabsorption and secretion.

183.        Describe the actions of Anti-diuretic hormone and its actions on total body water.

184.        What are the 2 main divisions of the nervous system. List the components of each.

185.        Differentiate between the Afferent and efferent nervous systems.

186.        Differentiate between the Visceral and Somatic nervous sytems.

187.        Differentiate between the sympathetic and parasymphatetic nervous systems.

188.        Differentiate a neuron and a neuroglial cell.

189.        Differentiate between a interneuron, sensory neuron, and motor neuron.

190.        Describe the functions of a neurotransmitter. List some of the main neurotransmitters.

191.        Describe the functions of bone, cerebrospinal fluid, and the meninges in providing protection for the brain.

192.        List the meningeal layers in order, and give the characteristics of each.

193.        Differentiate between gray matter and white matter of the brain.

194.        List the parts of the brain.

195.        Describe the anatomy of the cerebrum.

196.        List the 5 lobes of the cerebrum and give the functions of each.

197.        Describe the functions of the cerebellum.

198.        List the 2 main components of the diencephalon.

199.        List the main functions of the thalamus.

200.        List the main functions of the hypothalamus.

201.        List the 3 parts of the brainstem, and give the functions of each.

202.        What is the function of a hormone.

203.        Differentiate between a steroid hormone and a protein hormone.

204.        Differentiate between an exocrine and an endocrine gland.

205.        List the endocrine glands in the body.

206.        Describe the endocrine functions of the hypothalamus.

207.        List the main hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary and the actions of each.

208.        Understand how anterior pituitary gland hormones are regulated by the hypothalamus.

209.        List the 2 hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and the actions of each.

210.        Understand how the posterior pituitary gland hormones are regulated by the hypothalamus.

211.        List the 2 hormones secreted by the thyroid gland and the actions of each.

212.        Differentiate between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

213.        List the hormone that is secreted by the parathyroid gland and its actions.

214.        List the things secreted by the exocrine pancreas.

215.        List the hormones secreted by the endocrine pancreas and the actions of each.

216.        Differentiate between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

217.        List the hormones secreted by the ovaries and the actions of each.

218.        List the hormone secreted by the testes and its actions.

219.        List some of the side effect of steroid abuse.

Major Assignments General Biology 1407

Laboratory - Spring, 2011

Grading/Evaluation: This lab will have three (3) laboratory exams which are each worth approximately 30% of the LAB grade (not 30% of the course grade). The remaining 10% (approximate) of the LAB grade will come from attendance, daily work, participation and quizzes. Once your lab grade has been determined, it will count for 25% of your grade in General Biology 1407. The content of this outline is tentative and is subject to change as needed.

Lab Outline:        Dates        Lab Will Feature        Pages/Exercise

         1/25        Introduction, Lab Safety        Handouts

         2/1        Microscope & Bacteria Handout &        Ex 2.2, 2.4, 14.1, p14-15, 18-22, 172-176

                 2/8        Human Skeleton        Ex 31.1, p 431-435, Handout

         2/15        Human Skeleton        Ex 31.1, p 431-435, Handout

         2/22        Lab Exam #1        Microscope, Bacteria, Skeleton

         3/1        Gymnosperms        Ex 17.1-17.4, p213-230, Handout

         3/8        Spring Break

         3/15        Angiosperms        Ex 21.3, p 272-275, 231-238, Handout

         3/22        Lab Exam #2        Gymnosperms, Angiosperms

        3/29        Internal Anatomy, (cat)        Handout

         4/5        Cardiovascular & Respiratory system        Ex. 27.5, p 382-388, Handout

         4/12        Brain, nervous system, reflexes        Ex. 30.1, 30.2, p 413-424, Handout

         4/19        Anatomy Review Day

         4/26        Lab Exam #3        Previous 4 Labs


Discussion Topics None
Attendance Policy Excessive absences and/or tardiness may result in an instructor-initiated drop. Students missing 2 or more labs can/will be dropped from the course. Students are expected to come to lab ON TIME AND PREPARED!! Being tardy WILL AFFECT YOUR LAB GRADE!! ALL EXAMS ARE REQUIRED AND WILL BE COUNTED IN DETERMINING YOUR GRADE!!
Determination of Final Grade There will be 3 lab exams. Make-up exams will NOT be given. Each of these exams will be worth aproximately 30% of the LAB grade. The remaining 10% (appoximate) will be determined from attendance, daily work, participation and quizzes. LAB ATTENDANCE IS REQUIRED.
Final Exam Date April 26, 2011 - 1:00 PM
Campus Policies
Lamar State College - Port Arthur

Mission Statement

Lamar State College-Port Arthur is an open-access, comprehensive public two-year college offering quality instruction leading to associate degrees and a variety of certificates. The college, a member of The Texas State University System, has provided affordable, quality educational opportunities to residents of the Southeast Texas area since 1909.Lamar State College-Port Arthur embraces the premise that education is an ongoing process that enhances career potential, broadens intellectual horizons, and enriches life. The faculty, staff, and administration share a commitment to a mission characterized by student learning, diversity, and community service. The foundations for student success include compensatory education programs designed to fulfill our commitment to accommodate students with diverse goals and backgrounds, technical education programs that provide for the acquisition of the skills and demeanor necessary for initial and continued employment, and a core curriculum that develops the values and concepts that allow the student to make a meaningful contribution in the workplace or community. Student achievement is measured by the completion of courses and programs of study, successful performance following transfer to a baccalaureate program, and the attainment of individual goals.

Lamar State College-Port Arthur operates in the belief that all individuals should be:

* Treated with dignity and respect;

* Afforded equal opportunity to acquire a complete educational experience;

* Given an opportunity to discover and develop their special aptitudes and insights;

* Provided and opportunity to equip themselves for a fulfilling life and responsible citizenship in a world characterized by change.

 College Grading Scale

Below 59F

(Some specialized programs may have different grading scales)


 Academic Dishonesty

Academic dishonesty in any form will not be tolerated.  Please consult the student handbook for consequences of academic dishonesty.  These policies will be strictly enforced.


 Facility  Policies

        No food, drinks, or tobacco products are allowed in the classroom.

        Only students enrolled in the course are allowed in the classroom.

        Cell phones and/or pagers are allowed ONLY on vibrate mode. Leaving the classroom to answer a page or phone call may constitute an absence or a tardy.


 Special Considerations

         The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Special Populations Coordinator, Room 231, in the Madison Monroe Building. The phone number is (409) 984-6241.

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