House Bill 2504 Spring 2011 Course Syllabus BIOL-2402-01 (Anatomy-Physiology II)
Spring 2011 Course Syllabus
BIOL-2402-01 (Anatomy-Physiology II)
|Instructor||Longlet, Nancy Joann|
|Course ID #||10115|
|Course Title||Anatomy-Physiology II|
|Course Description||Structure and function of circulatory, digestive, excretory and reproductive systems.|
|Course Prerequisites||Basic skills and competency in reading, writing, and math; successful completion of Bio 2401 with a minimal grade of "C"|
Anatomy and Physiology 5th ed. by Kenneth S. Saladin, McGraw-Hill Higher Education, ISBN 007352569-3 (hardcover ed). (Softcover editions may have a different ISBN number.)
LAB: A Visual Analogy Guide to Human Anatomy 2nd ed, by Paul Krieger. Morton Publishing Company. ISBN:089582-800-6. You may be able to use a first edition. The ISBN numbers for the first edition are: ISBN-10: 0895826593, or ISBN-13: 9780895826596. Check with your lab instructor on whether the first edition is okay to use.
1. Understand the functions of blood
2. Understand the components and make-up of blood
3. Understand the difference between hematocrit and hemoglobin tests & how to calculate them.
4. Describe the structure of a hemoglobin molecule and an erythrocyte.
5. Describe the process of erythropoiesis including how it is regulated.
6. Characterize the various RBC disorders.
7. Describe the various leukocytes and how they function
8. Describe the various categories of leukemia.
9. Explain the process of hemostasis
10. Understand the basis for the ABO blood groups including transfusion compatibility.
11. Understand the blood Rh factor.
12. Describe the physiology involved in Erythroblastosis fetalis.
13. Describe and differentiate between systemic, pulmonary, and coronary circuits.
14. Describe the structure of the heart wall.
15. Trace the pathway of blood through the heart from the vena cava to the aorta.
16. Understand the location and function of the heart valves and how they function.
17. Trace the pathway of the cardiac conduction system and correlate it with an EKG strip.
18. Understand the parts of an EKG tracing and what is happening in the heart at each point.
19. Understand the events of the cardiac cycle.
20. Know how to calculate stroke volume, cardiac output, and ejection fraction.
21. Understand the origin of the heart sounds.
22. Understand the determinants of cardiac output
23. Differentiate between preload and afterload and how changes in each will effect cardiac output.
24. Understand the characteristic structure and function of arteries, veins, & capillaries.
25. Describe the 3 mechanisms involved in assisting venous return.
26. Differentiate between blood flow, perfusion, and blood pressure.
27. Differentiate between diastolic and systolic blood pressure.
28. Explain what blood pressure is and how it is measured.
29. Know how to calculate pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure.
30. Understand the main determinants of blood pressure.
31. Understand the various ways that blood pressure is regulated.
32. Understand the forces involved in capillary filtration and reabsorption.
33. Understand the importance of the lymphatic system in regulating fluid balance.
34. Describe the various forms of shock.
35. Understand the hepatic portal system and its function.
36. Understand the components and functions of the lymphatic system.
37. Describe the basics of the immune response.
38. Differentiate between a non-specific resistance to disease response & a specific resistance to disease response.
39. Describe the mechanisms & structures involved in NSRD immunity.
40. Understand how a fever is generated and how it is beneficial.
41. Understand the immune function of the various leukocytes.
42. Describe the immediate immune response.
43. Describe the cell mediated immune response.
44. Describe the humoral immune response.
45. Describe the role of memory cells in providing immunity.
46. Describe how a vaccination provides immunity.
47. Describe the various types of antibodies.
48. Differentiate between passive and active immunities.
49. Identify the structures of the upper and lower respiratory tract & their characteristics.
50. Understand Boyle’s law & how it relates to ventilation.
51. Identify the pressures associate with ventilation.
52. Describe the mechanisms of inhalation and exhalation.
53. Understand the formation of a pneumothorax.
54. Understand the various lung volumes and capacities & know a normal value for each.
55. Understand how to calculate minute ventilation.
56. Differentiate between restrictive & obstructive respiratory disorders.
57. Understand the partial pressure of gasses & how they affect the diffusion & movement of a gas.
58. Understand how oxygen is transported in the blood.
59. Understand the oxygen hemoglobin dissociation curve & how it is affected by temperature, pH & PO2.
60. Understand how CO2 is transported.
61. Understand the process of carbon monoxide poisoning.
62. Describe the anatomy of the kidney & other components of the urinary system.
63. List the structures of the nephron.
64. Understand the function of the nephron and each of its segments
65. Understand the processes involved in making urine.
66. Describe the actions of antidiuretic hormone in the kidney & what happens without it.
67. Describe the normal composition of urine.
68. Explain what is meant by glomerular filtration rate & why it can be used as an indicator of renal function.
69. Explain the mechanisms used by the kidney to regulate blood pressure.
70. Explain the Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone system.
71. Understand the function of the Juxtaglomerular apparatus.
72. List the fluid compartments in the body
73. Characterize the distribution of water in the body.
74. List the sources of water intake/generation and the sources of water loss from the body.
75. Explain the distribution of the main electrolytes in the body
76. Characterize the acid base balancing in the body
77. Differentiate between physiologic buffer systems and chemical buffering systems
78. Explain how the urinary system functions as a buffer.
79. List the 3 main chemical buffers in the body.
80. Explain the bicarbonate buffering system.
81. Explain how the bicarbonate system & respiratory systems act together to act as a buffer.
82. Differentiate between respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis.
83. Differentiate between respiratory alkalosis and metabolic alkalosis.
84. List all of the structures of the gastrointestinal system.
85. Differentiate between mechanical and chemical digestion.
86. Characterize the digestive processes occurring in the mouth.
87. Characterize the digestive processes occurring in the stomach.
88. Characterize the digestive processes occurring in the small intestine.
89. Identify the location of the various salivary glands.
90. Understand the functions of saliva.
91. Describe the process of swallowing including the function of the lower esophageal sphincter.
92. Explain the role of hydrochloric acid in digestion.
93. List and explain all of the enzymes involved in chemical digestion and their actions.
94. Explain the function of gastrin.
95. Explain the 3 phases of regulation of gastric function.
96. Differentiate between peristalsis and segmentation and their role in digestion.
97. Explain the digestive processes occurring in each segment of the small intestine.
98. Characterize the digestive functions of the large intestine.
99. Explain the roles of the liver in digestion.
100. Explain the roles of the gall bladder in digestion.
101. Explain the roles of the pancreas in digestion
102. Characterize the digestion of carbohydrates including location and enzymes.
103. Characterize the digestion of proteins including location and enzymes.
104. Characterize the digestion of lipids including location and enzymes.
105. Differentiate between fat soluble and water soluble vitamins.
106. Characterize the sources of water that pass through the gastrointestinal system.
107. Characterize the digestive processes occurring in the mouth.
108. Characterize the digestive processes occurring in the stomach.
109. Describe the concept of nutritional balance.
110. Characterize the nutritional importance of carbohydrates.
111. Characterize the main sources of carbohydrate in the diet.
112. Characterize the nutritional importance of fats.
113. Differentiate between the various cholesterol & lipoproteins in the body in terms of structure & function.
114. Characterize the nutritional importance of proteins.
115. Explain the metabolic processes of the glycolytic pathway.
116. Explain the metabolic processes of the TCA cycle
117. Explain the metabolic processes of the beta oxidation pathway.
118. Explain/outline the metabolism of carbohydrates.
119. Differentiate between aerobic metabolism and anaerobic metabolism.
120. Outline the steps of the electron transport chain.
121. Explain the role of electron carriers in the metabolic processes.
122. Outline the metabolism of fats.
123. Explain what is meant by Basal Metabolic Rate an how it is calculated.
124. Differentiate between a somatic cell and a gamete.
125. Differentiate between primary and secondary sex organs & glands in males & females.
126. Differentiate between chromosome pairs #1-22, and pair #23.
127. Outline the pathway of a sperm cell from origin to ejaculation.
128. Differentiate between the Sertoli cells, and the Leydig cells in terms of structure & function.
129. Characterize the structure and function of the 3 spermatic ducts.
130. Characterize the structure and function of the 3 accessory sex glands in males.
131. Describe the anatomy of the penis.
132. Explain the effects of FSH and LH in males.
133. Explain the effects of testosterone in males.
134. Outline the process of spermatogenesis.
135. Describe the arrangement of the female reproductive structures.
136. Describe the anatomy of the uterus.
137. Describe the processes involved in lactation.
138. Differentiate between the 3 main events of puberty in females.
139. Describe the process of oogenesis.
140. Differentiate between the 5 basic stages of follicular development.
141. Describe the events and hormones of the various stages of the ovarian cycle.
142. Describe the events and hormones of the various stages of the menstrual cycle.
143. Explain the effects of the hormones involved in pregnancy.
144. Explain the role and importance of human Chorionic Gonadotropin.
145. Describe the 3 stages of labor during parturition.
146. Understand and explain the process of fertilization.
147. Characterize the pre-embryonic stage of development.
148. Characterize the various stages of cleavage.
149. Characterize the process of implantation.
150. Characterize the process of embryogenesis.
151. Characterize the methods of nourishment for the conceptus and embryo.
152. Characterize the development of the placenta.
153. Understand the various stages of fetal development.
154. Understand fetal circulation and how it changes after birth.
155. Characterize the neonate in terms of adjustments they need to make and problems they may encounter.
Biology 2402 - 01
Preview of Coming Attractions
An outline of the lecture dates, topics to be covered and exam dates is given below. Please note that this outline is subject to change throughout the semester as the need arises. I.e., we may spend more or less time of a particular topic as need dictates. You will be given advanced notice if the dates for any of the exams are changed. Being in class to learn of these changes in the schedule is YOUR responsibility.
Day Date Feature Presentation(s)
W 1/19 Introduction, General Info, Blood composition
F 1/21 Erythrocyte, erythropoiesis, RBC disorders
M 1/24 Leukocytes, WBC abnormalities, platelets, Hemostasis
W 1/26 Blood Groups, Heart anatomy
F 1/28 Pathway of Blood through the heart
M 1/31 Coronary circulation, Cardiac Conduction system, EKG
W 2/2 EKG, Events of the Cardiac cycle
F 2/4 Events of the Cardiac cycle, Cardiac output, Changing stroke volume
M 2/7 Exam #1, Chapters 18-19
W 2/9 Arteries, Capillaries, Veins
F 2/11 Venous return, Perfusion, Blood pressure, determinants of Blood pressure
M 2/14 Blood pressure regulation, Capillary filtration & reabsorption pressures
W 2/16 Shock, Hepatic portal system
F 2/18 Lymphatic system, Immune system terms
M 2/21 Non Specific Resistance to Disease (NSRD) mechanisms & structures
W 2/23 Specific Resistance to Disease (SRD), Cell mediated & humoral responses
F 2/25 Antibodies, Immune system disorders
M 2/28 Exam #2, Chapters 20, 21
W 3/2 Respiratory tract, Mechanics of ventilation, pressures of ventilation
F 3/4 Inhalation, Exhalation, Pneumothorax, Lung volumes, Respiratory disorders
3/7 - 3/11 Spring Break
M 3/14 Gas exchange in lungs & tissues, gas transport
W 3/16 Urinary system components, Parts of the Nephron, Glomerular filtration
F 3/18 Tubular reabsorption & secretion, Urine composition
M 3/21 Maintenance of GFR & blood pressure, Water balance, regulation of fluids
W 3/23 Electrolyte balance, Acid/Base balance, Physiologic & chemical buffers
F 3/25 Bicarbonate Buffering system, sources of Acid/Base imbalances
M 3/28 Exam #3, Chapters 22, 23, 24
W 3/30 Digestive processes, Mouth, teeth, salivary glands
F 4/1 Esophagus, Swallowing, Stomach anatomy, gastric secretions, gastric motility
M 4/4 Small intestine anatomy, & function, Large Intestine, Liver, gall bladder
W 4/6 Pancreatic structure & enzymes, overview of digestion & absorption
F 4/8 Food Intake, Energy output, Nutrients
M 4/11 Carbohydrates, Lipids, Cholesterol, Lipoproteins, proteins
W 4/13 Metabolism – Glycolysis, TCA cycle
F 4/15 TCA Cycle, Electron Transport Chain
M 4/18 Beta oxidation, Metabolism review, Basal metabolic rate
W 4/20 Exam #4
F 4/22 Good Friday - Easter Break
M 4/25 Reproduction, Male Reproductive Anatomy
W 4/27 Spermatogenesis, Female primary & secondary sex glands
F 4/29 Secondary sex characteristics, puberty, Oogenesis
M 5/2 Ovarian cycle, Menstrual Cycle
W 5/4 Pregnancy & childbirth, lactation
F 5/6 Fertilization, Pre-embryonic, embryonic development
M 5/9 Human development, Fetal development, Neonate
W 5/11 Human development, placenta, Parturition
F 5/13 8:30 – 10:30 Final Exam
This tentative outline is being provided so that you will be able to read material prior to coming to lecture. Reading the material and looking up any words you don’t know BEFORE the lecture will be immensely beneficial in your learning process.
|Attendance Policy||Excessive absences and/or tardiness may result in an instructor-initiated drop.|
|Determination of Final Grade||ALL EXAMS ARE REQUIRED AND WILL BE COUNTED IN DETERMINING YOUR GRADE!!! Your lecture average will basically be figured as the average of your 5 lecture exams. The lecture average (from the 5 exams) will make up 75% of the final course grade. The remaining 25% will be determined from the Lab grade. LAB ATTENDANCE AND PARTICIPATION IS REQUIRED|
|Final Exam Date||May 13, 2011 - 8:00 AM|
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